Tropical Marginal Varieties

Name Red Amaranth
Scientific Name Alternanthera Sessllis
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 30-45cm (12-18”)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes Upright, purple-foliage differs from other species by having narrower leaves and a bushier habit. Young shoots and leaves are eaten as a vegetable and in herbal medicines in Southeast Asia.

Name Australia Canna
Scientific Name Canna Australis
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 90-120cm (36-48”)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes Deep, burgundy-black foliage has a satin-like sheen, and the intense colour holds superbly during the summer heat. Towering foliage is topped with a magnificent display of large, shocking red flowers. A real stunner and a hummingbird magnet.

Name Durban Canna
Scientific Name Canna Durban
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 150-250cm (5-8’)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes Bright, tangerine-red flowers sit well above red-blushed foliage, streaked with pink & gold. This best-seller is the ultimate garish canna for water gardeners with plenty of personality.

Name Endeavour Canna
Scientific Name Canna Endeavour
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 100-150cm (4-5’)
Water Depth 0-15cm (0-6”)
Notes Tall, and slender with blue-green foliage topped with bold, red, butterfly-like blooms. A true aquatic variety bred specifically for decorative ponds in 1967 by American geneticist Dr. Robert Armstrong. Named after the famous ship commandeered by Captian James Cooke.

Name Pretoria Canna
Scientific Name Canna Pretoria
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 100-200cm (4-6’)
Water Depth 0-25cm (0-10”)
Notes Unique, banana-like foliage with variegated herringbone stripes of cream on green. It is genetically related to Canna Durban and, therefore, has the exact same large, exotic, tangerine-red flowers.

Name Stuttgart Canna
Scientific Name Canna Stuttgart
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 150-250cm (5-8’)
Water Depth 0-3cm (0-1”)
Notes Coveted by canna collectors, this towering variety has flowers that open pale-yellow and mature to a passion-fruit orange. Wide, blocky, green & white variegation on the leaves create stunning contrast. Very exotic.

Name Bikini-Tini Elephant Ear
Scientific Name Colocassia ‘Bikini-Tini’
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 1.5-2m (5-6’)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes Upward facing, bluish-gray & green leaves form cups that show off the dark purple petioles and veins. A genetic tetraploid, so it’s thick, leaves & stems are strong enough to hold rainwater, which can tip and soak unexpecting passers-by when the plant relaxes. Children love this!

Name Black Magic Taro
Scientific Name Colocasia Esculenta ‘Black Magic’
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 60-150cm (2-5’)
Water Depth 3-15cm (1-6”)
Notes Dusty, solid purple-black leaves up to 60cm (2′) long, make this elephant ear one of the most spectacular forms ever introduced. Our #1 selling aquatic tropical bay a long shot!

Name Madeira Taro
Scientific Name Colocassia ‘Madeira’
Hardiness Zone 6 to 10
Height 60-90cm (2-3’)
Water Depth 0-10cm (0-4”)
Notes Madeira is a velvet, black-leaved dwarf selection that you long to touch. It is believed to be one of the earliest cultivated plants grown for its edible corms.

Name Sangria Taro
Scientific Name Colocassia ‘Sangria’
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 1-2m (4-6’)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes A tropical feel in tropical colours – blueish-green leaves with purple veins are supported on vibrant pink to dark red stems. Gives lots of pleasure all summer long with its huge, velvet-like textured, dark green, heart-shaped leaves that are lined with darker veins, adding real drama to any pond.

Name Umbrella Palm
Scientific Name Cyprus Alternifolius
Hardiness Zone 9 to 11
Height 60-90cm (24-36”)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes The overall effect is reminiscent of the paper parasols that come with children’s cocktail drinks. The large heads are held high atop triangular stems that sprout from a central clump. A stunning focal point for the pond.

Name Dwarf Umbrella Palm
Scientific Name Cyperus Alternifolius Gracilis
Hardiness Zone 8 to 11
Height 30-60cm (12-24”)
Water Depth 0-10cm (0-4”)
Notes This is a popular smaller version of umbrella grass with the same umbrella like leaf bracts at the top of upright stems. The stems are stiff and dark green with vertical bright yellow stripes and are of cylindrical shape. It is perfect for a smaller water garden.

Name Dwarf Papyrus
Scientific Name Cyperus Haspans
Hardiness Zone 9 to 11
Height 30-90cm (12-24”)
Water Depth 3-10cm (1-4”)
Notes It is the dwarf variety of the Giant Papyrus, and has strong stems with tufted umbrella-like foliage on the end. The tufts are yellow-green and turn a rich bronze in late summer. Make excellent deck and patio accents when planted in tubs and set in full sun to partial shade. When a stem bends over and touches the water, it will create new plantlets. If you want to speed up this process, cut off flower heads and float them upside down in water.

Name Papyrus
Scientific Name Cyperus Papyrus
Hardiness Zone 8 to 11
Height 1-2.5m (4-8’)
Water Depth 5-15cm (2-6”)
Notes Papyrus is stunning in any garden pond. It has 10 inch balls of long green threads atop the large and magnificent plant. It is understandable why the papyrus always looks magnificent. This is the plant the Egyptians used to make their paper, or papyrus, where the plant gets its name.

Name Little Giant Papyrus
Scientific Name Cyperus Papyrus Percamentus
Hardiness Zone 9 to 11
Height 45-60cm (18-24”)
Water Depth 5-15cm (2-6”)
Notes One of the most popular new aquatic introductions in many years and deservedly so! Very sturdy green stems are topped with large tufted “mop heads”. This bog plant is viviparous and will grow new plants from the tops. Can be wintered over as a houseplant.

Name Star Grass
Scientific Name Dichromena Colorata
Hardiness Zone 7 to 10
Height 30-60cm (12-24”)
Water Depth 0-3cm (0-1”)
Notes Daisy-like flowers dangle daintily above bright-green foliage. After time, flowers and spikes turn a light brown, retaining their star like appearance. Perfect for fresh-cut & dried-flower arrangements.

Name Marble Queen
Scientific Name Echinodorus Cordifolius
Hardiness Zone 5 to 11
Height 30-90cm (12-24”)
Water Depth 0-15cm (0-6”)
Notes The showy creamy white patches on the large spoon-shaped foliage of this melon sword add further beauty to an already noteworthy plant, with white flowers 1 inch across blooming in summer.

Name Four Leaf Clover
Scientific Name Marsilea Quadrifolia
Hardiness Zone 5 to 11
Height 5-15cm (2-6”)
Water Depth 0-10cm (0-4”)
Notes A delightful addition to the water garden, as they are the lucky charms of the pond. Their clover-shaped foliage belies the fact that they are really ferns, which reproduce by spores. Marsileas are grown for their attractive foliage and wase of care, not for any floral attributes.

Name Arum Lily
Scientific Name Zantedeschia Aethiopica
Hardiness Zone 6 to 7
Height 45-60cm (18-24”)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes An erect perennial herb to about 1m high, which forms large clumps over time. Leaves are very large, glossy, dark green and arrowhead-shaped. Flowers consist of a large white sheath enclosing a yellow spike. The fruit is a cluster of swollen orange berries enclosed in the remains of the sheath. The cultivar ‘Green Goddess’ has a flower sheath which is green towards the top.

Name Rain Lily
Scientific Name Zephranthes Candida
Hardiness Zone 6 to 8
Height 15-25cm (6-9”)
Water Depth 0-5cm (0-2”)
Notes Known for its long blooms of crocus-like flowers, the rain lily makes a great specimen clump, but when used in a mass or for a border, it is simply indescribable! The name is derived from Zephyrus, the Greek god of the west wind, and Anthos, meaning flower, referring to the slender stalks.

 

Name Giant Red Bacopa
Scientific Name Bacopa Carolineana
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 50-100cm (20-40”)
Water Depth 3-5cm (1-2”)
Notes This small sprawling herb is common in fresh and brackish waters, distinguished by its blue flowers, a hairy upper stem, and by the lemony scent of its crushed leaves.Great for protecting fish and adding wonderful colour at the base of other bog plants. These pond plants can be grown in creeks and streams as roots/stems are anchored below the water. Can be planted as a creeping plant with other taller pond plants.

Name Dwarf Bacopa
Scientific Name Bacopa Monnieri
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 0-90cm (0-12”)
Water Depth 3-5cm (1-2”)
Notes The leaves of this plant are succulent and relatively thick. Leaves are oblanceolate and are arranged oppositely on the stem. The flower are small and white, with four or five petals. It has been reported that the plant is used a traditional Ayurvedic treatment for epilepsy and asthma.

Name Dwarf Parrot’s Feather
Scientific Name Myriophyllum Papillosum var. Pulcherrima
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 8-10cm (2-4”)
Water Depth 60-90cm (12-24”)
Notes Foliage is delicate and lacey with bright red stems. Easy to grow and will gracefully grow across the surface of the water. A must to grow around the fountain or waterfall display thus will grow by moving water. Provides a great spawning space for fish.

Name Brazilian Parrot’s Feather
Scientific Name Myriophyllum Aquaticum
Hardiness Zone 7 to 11
Height 15-30cm (6-12”)
Water Depth 60-90cm (12-24”)
Notes Feather-like, grey-green foliage & almost iridescent leaves. Adds oxygen to the water and help fight off algae growth by consuming all of the excess nutrients. Provides a spawning area for the fish and shelter for baby fry.

Name Variegated Pennywort
Scientific Name Hydrocotyle Vulgraris Variegata
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 5-10cm (2-4”)
Water Depth 0-10cm (2-4”)
Notes With green, white and yellow they create a wonderful array of colour for the pond. Leaves root as they go to create an endless carpet of colour, and it’s small white and green flowers come and go quickly. Variegated Pennywort is excellent around ponds, stepping stones, or any damp area in need of a face lift. Also works well draping over rock walls, covering moist slopes and hanging over container edges.

Name Pennywort
Scientific Name Hydrocotyle Vulgaris
Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
Height 5-10cm (2-4”)
Water Depth 0-10cm (0-4”)
Notes Low growing, running aquatics with round, umbrella-like, often toothed leaves that stand up straight from running stems. Leaves are fleshy and usually shiny. There is something cheerful about a plant that remains green from spring through fall and bears leaves with serrated edges that look like smiles connected at the corners. Useful in a water garden due to their ability to quickly create shade over the pond.



 
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